Senate appropriators seek to direct nearly $4 billion in additional
funding to key areas of weapon system innovation including hypersonics,
artificial intelligence, cyber, space, microelectronics and directed
by the Defense Advanced Research ProjectsAgency.
The head of the Missile Defense Agency said last week the focus and
streamlined decision-making that would likely come with the creation of
a Space Force would assist his agency’s mission.
Lt. Gen. Sam Greaves, head of MDA and former commander of the Air Force
Space and Missile Systems Center, said during a June 26 Air Force
Association breakfast one of the keys to speeding up acquisition cycles
is streamlining the approval process for programs. Consolidating space
organization and acquisition into one Defense Department organization, a
Space Force, could help, Greaves said.
“I believe that if this comes to fruition, that those are the benefits
of doing it,” Greaves said. “When it’s approved, because the president
has already said we’re going to go do it, I will say the focus and speed
and intent of that Space Force will reflect positively with our
President Trump announced last month he was directing the Pentagon to
“immediately begin the process necessary to establish a Space Force as
the sixth branch of the armed forces.” The establishment of a new
organization must be led by Congress, but strong support from the White
House could reduce barriers to an ongoing effort to reorganize the
military space mission.
The Pentagon has said it will begin working with the services to stand
up the new service.
“This will be a deliberative process with a great deal of input from
multiple stakeholders,” spokeswoman Dana White said in a June 18
statement. In a recent letter to airmen, Air Force leadership said the
service does not expect any immediate changes in light of the
“We look forward to working with Department of Defense leaders,
Congress, and our national security partners to move forward on this
planning effort,” the June 19 message states. “Our focus must remain on
the mission as we continue to accelerate the space warfighting
capabilities required to support the National Defense Strategy.”
The House Armed Services Committee proposed the creation of a Space
Corps – a separate service that would be housed within the Air Force,
similar to the Marine Corps’ relationship to the Navy – in its mark of
fiscal year 2018 defense policy legislation. However, the Senate was
hesitant to embrace it and the final version of the bill instead
required further study of the issue.
Pentagon officials, particularly Air Force leadership, have pushed back
against the proposal, saying it would add unnecessary layers of
bureaucracy and would segregate the space mission at a time when the
department is working to better integrate space as a core DOD mission.
Greaves said last week that the president’s announcement indicates to
him the debate over a Space Force or Space Corps is over.
网站对外有《国防部内情》、《导弹防御内情》等多本付费订阅刊物。”We have to go through the process, as the secretary of defense has
said. The secretary of the Air Force, the chief of staff of the Air
Force, have to look at what’s really required,” he said. “But the
president has made the decision. It’s not up for debate. At least, I
didn’t take it as being up for debate anymore.”
美利坚同联盟国务院准许向东班牙（Reino de España）售卖“宙斯盾”系统
The State Department has given the green light to a potential $860
million sale of Aegis combat systems to Spain.
The approved sale involves five Aegis combat systems and associated
equipment for installation on Spanish frigates, according to a June 26
Defense Security Cooperation Agency announcement.
Spain’s navy already operates five Aegis-equipped frigates, DSCA states.
Adding Aegis to five new frigates in Spain’s fleet “will afford more
flexibility and capability to counter regional threats and continue to
enhance stability in the region,” according to DSCA.
网站对外有《国防部内情》、《导弹防御内情》等多本付费订阅刊物。”Spain has demonstrated the capability, flexibility, and responsibility
necessary to acquire this Aegis system into its fleet and will continue
to operate it as required to ensure interoperability as a highly valued
NATO partner,” the agency continues.
Principal contractors on the proposed sale would include Lockheed
Martin, Raytheon and General Dynamics.
网站对外有《国防部内情》、《导弹防御内情》等多本付费订阅刊物。President Trump, who raised eyebrows when he tweeted last month that
“there is no longer a nuclear threat from North Korea,” has sent a
letter to Congress telling lawmakers that, actually, Pyongyang remains
“an unusual and extraordinary threat” to the United States.
The letter states Trump has determined the United States should extend
the state of national emergency first declared against North Korea in
“The existence and risk of proliferation of weapons-usable fissile
material on the Korean Peninsula; the actions and policies of the
Government of North Korea that destabilize the Korean Peninsula and
imperil United States Armed Forces, allies, and trading partners in the
region, including its pursuit of nuclear and missile programs; and other
provocative, destabilizing, and repressive actions and policies of the
Government of North Korea continue to constitute an unusual and
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and
economy of the United States,” the letter states.
The letter clashes with Trump’s June 13 tweet after he returned from a
meeting with North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un: “Just landed- a long trip,
but everybody can now feel much safer than the day I took office. There
is no longer a Nuclear Threat from North Korea. Meeting with Kim Jong Un
was an interesting and very positive experience. North Korea has great
potential for the future!”
Trump was criticized on Capitol Hill for saying the threat from North
Korea had been removed after only meeting with Kim. Following the
meeting, Trump also ordered the suspension of U.S. joint military
exercises with South Korea, which drew opposition from Democrats and
Additionally, Harry Harris, Trump’s nominee for ambassador to South
Korea, said June 14 during a Senate nomination hearing that the nuclear
threat stemming from North Korea remains a danger, despite the
president’s statements to the contrary.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency this fall plans to choose
a single vendor for its Hallmark program – an effort to mature a space
battle management command and control testbed to verify new software and
tactics and improve joint space operations.
网站对外有《国防部内情》、《导弹防御内情》等多本付费订阅刊物。DARPA’s Hallmark program aims to support ongoing efforts within the
Defense Department and intelligence community to develop a more joint
approach to space command and control by providing a means for
validating software tools that could be fielded within BMC2
网站对外有《国防部内情》、《导弹防御内情》等多本付费订阅刊物。Lt. Col. Jeremy Raley, a program manager for the agency, told Inside
Defense in a June 15 interview the program chose four companies last
year to conduct software testbed design and cognitive evaluation work
for Hallmark. The agency chose Ball Aerospace to design one of the
testbeds and paired it with General Dynamics as its cognitive evaluator.
BAE Systems is designing the second and is teamed with Northrop Grumman
as its evaluator.
Raley said one of the program’s goals is to create an open, modular
framework for evaluating and fielding tools. To prove the testbeds meet
that requirement, DARPA has also awarded 11 contracts to developers
creating applications meant to assess the testbeds’ open concept.
“The testbeds, the winning proposals, did what I asked in [the original
broad agency announcement], which was to tell me about how they’re
going to have open standards,” he said. “That’s all well and good. The
government gets that in proposals all the time. What I wanted to make
sure I did in Hallmark was have a way to test that.”
The 11 tools contracts, which DARPA awarded to eight contractors, are
developing capabilities including improved space situational awareness,
orbital tracking and conjunction and threat analysis.
DARPA issued a BAA for additional tools last December and is in the
process of determining contract awards for that solicitation. Raley said
those awards will likely come in October or November – around the time
the program selects a single testbed provider.
The primary objective of Hallmark is to prove it’s possible to
continuously upgrade command-and control capabilities to keep pace with
constantly evolving threats in space — and, according to Raley, it’s
been successful so far in early demonstrations.
“The problem that we have now is that our adversaries keep changing, our
environment keeps changing in space, our capabilities keep changing and
our command-and-control programs are still working on the requirements
that were laid out for them years, decades ago in some cases,” he said.
“What I really wanted to demonstrate with the program is that
flexibility . . . to change based on what helps the operator make
decisions in challenging situations.”
The program conducts demonstrations every three months, and Raley said
each one has moved further toward demonstrating that flexibility. Early
evaluations were focused on assuring the program could integrate tools
into the testbed and then focused on data collection. The most recent
event in May included participation from space operators who used the
tools in a simulated scenario.
Raley noted that the flexibility Hallmark is demonstrating will also
require a more adaptable acquisition model that allows for rapid
upgrades and integration as well as continuous operator feedback.
“That acquisition approach that allows us to evaluate every three months
if we’re headed in the right direction, get some outside feedback from
those cognitive evaluators . . . I don’t think that’s ever been done on
a DOD program,” he said. “So really a lot of the importance lies in
showing how we can use this model to get what we need as the government
from the acquisition system.”
DARPA is “in talks” with a few organizations about utilizing one of the
testbeds and possibly acquiring some of the tools the program has
developed, but Raley wouldn’t discuss which organizations are interested
because no decisions have been made.
Once the program selects a single testbed this fall, Hallmark will
transition into Phase 2, which Raley said will work through how to mix
new capabilities — those solicited through the recent BAA- with older
applications, some of which may no longer be supported by the original
contractors either because they didn’t bid for Phase 2 or there isn’t
enough funding to carry them into the next phase.
Phase 2 will also consider if there are particular challenges with
integrating new tools onto a more mature testbed, and Raley noted that
could include architecture that exists in other organizations, including
work the Air Force rapid capabilities office is developing.
Raley said one of the biggest challenges his team has faced on the
program is with data provisioning- determining how to develop simulation
data and make sure that data works well with the applications. However,
the difficulty has forced the contractors to communicate on a regular
basis to prepare for the regular demonstrations.
“I’ve seen programs go a lot worse by people operating independently,”
Raley said. “This really actually forces a lot of discussion early on,
which I think saves us some time in the long run.”
美参议院让U.S.A.海军评估以色列国（The State of Israel）“铁穹”系统
The Senate Armed Services Committee approved legislation that would
require the Army to draft a plan to experiment with Iron Dome, an
Israeli- developed system designed to shoot down rockets and lowflying
threats, in a move that could set the stage for proponents of the system
to fight for a slice of future Pentagon spending on air defense for U.S.
The Senate panel, in its version of the fiscal year 2019 defense
authorization bill, would direct the Army to prepare a formal assessment
of how wellsuited Iron Dome is to meet the service’s shortrange air
defense needs. The full Senate approved the bill June 18.
By the end of this year, lawmakers want an assessment of Iron Dome’s
“suitability for the Army’s shortrange air defense mission, a plan for
experimentation with and demonstration of Iron Dome, and a determination
of the feasibility of its use,” according to the report accompanying the
Since 2011, Congress has provided Israel more than $1.4 billion to
produce Iron Dome batteries, developed by Rafael Advanced Defense
Systems. In August 2011, Raytheon and Rafael — which are partnered on
David’s Sling, a U.S.-Israeli cooperative missile defense development
program – announced a marketing agreement to allow Raytheon to market
Iron Dome in the United States.
In 2014, the U.S. and Israeli governments signed a coproduction
agreement to enable some portions of the Iron Dome system to be produced
in the United States.
Rafael touts Iron Dome as “the only dualmission system in the world that
provides an effective defense solution for countering rockets, artillery
and mortars as well as aircraft, helicopters,” unmanned aerial vehicles
and precision-guided munitions, according to a company fact sheet.
The targeting system and radar – designed to fire Tamir interceptors- is
designed to defeat threats with ranges of up to 70 kilometers as well as
defend against missiles launched from as little as 10 kilometers,
according to the company.
An Iron Dome battery includes a radar built by Israel Aerospace
Industries and three launchers, each equipped with 20 interceptors.
The Iron Dome system received significant international attention in
2012 during hostilities between Israel and Hamas. According to the
Pentagon, the system intercepted 85 percent of the approximately 400
rockets fired from the West Bank that November.
“Given the demonstrated success of Iron Dome, the committee sees value
in experimentation with the Iron Dome system, including potential
integration of the Iron Dome command-and-control system with existing
U.S. Army Air and Missile Defense (AMD) systems, to assess its
suitability in addressing gaps in U.S. AMD capabilities,” according to
the Senate panel.
Lawmakers, however, note “there may be some software code limitations
and [military specification] standard compliance concerns,” according
to the report.